Playwright Lorraine Hansberry used lots of figurative language in her play A Raisin in The Sun, like simile and personification.
A simile is a figure of speech that compares unlike things using the words like or as. For example, consider how Mama is talking to Ruth about
aboutWalter’s behavior at the end of the play. She says, "He finally come into his manhood today, didn't he? Kind of like a rainbow after the rain." This is a simile because Mama is using the word like to compare Walter's change to that of a rainbow coming out in the sky. She says this right after Walter makes the mature decision for his family to refuse Mr. Lindner's money. This moment brings Mama a sense of hope and peace, just like a rainbow does after a storm.
Hansberry also used a lot of personification in this play. Personification is a form of figurative language in which a writer attributes human qualities to something that is not human. For instance, recall the description of the Youngers' living room at the beginning of act 1, scene 1. It states, "The sole natural light the family may enjoy in the course of a day is only that which fights its way through this little window." Sunlight cannot fight like a person can fight, but by assigning this human action to something that is not human, Hansberry emphasizes how hard it is for light to get into the apartment.