Find the decimal representations of all such numbers N, below.When a positive integer N is written in base 5, it is a three digit number. When 3N is written in base 9, it is a three digit number...

Find the decimal representations of all such numbers N, below.

When a positive integer N is written in base 5, it is a three digit number. When 3N is written in base 9, it is a three digit number which consists of the same digits in the same order as the first one.

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jeew-m | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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So lets say N = `xyz_5`

Then N = `x*5^2+y*5^1+z^5^0` = 25x+5y+z

So in decimal we can write;

N = 25x+5y+z-----(1)

 

3N = `xyz_9`

3N = `x*9^2+y*9^1+z*9^0`

3N = 81x+9y+z---(2)

 

(1)*3 = (2)

75x+15y+3z = 81x+9y+z

     6x-6y-2z = 0

                z = 3x-3y

 

Since N is in base 5 x,y or z cannot have a value beyond 4. Also x should be greater than 0 since it is 3 digit number and it x,y,z should satisfy the equation z = 3x-3y

`0ltxlt=4`

`0lt=ylt=4`

`0lt=zlt=4`

 

z = 3x-3y

let z = 0 then x=1 and y=1

let z = 1 then x= 1 and y=0

let z = 2 then x or y have no answers

let z = 3 then x = 2 and y =1 OR x=3 and y = 2 OR x=4 and y=3

let z = 4 then x and y have no answers.

 

So the numbers are;

`110_5`

`101_5`

`213_5`

`323_5`

`433_5`

 

In decimal;

30

26

58

88

118

 

In base 9;

`110_9` = 90 = 3*30

`101_9` = 82 = 3*26

`213_9` = 174 = 3*58

`323_9` = 264 = 3*88 

`433_9` = 354 = 3*118

 

 

 

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