In management, leadership refers to the ability of a person to influence the attitudes and behavior of persons in a group so that they work together to achieve the goals of the group. These goals may be set by the group collectively by the group, and therefore leadership also includes the ability to influence the goals or objectives set by the group for itself. Among other things leadership also includes the ability to form groups from loose collection of people, increase size of the group, and promote continuation of groups.
Organizations need strong leaders to lead them so that the organizations work effectively. The role of leadership is particularly important in bringing about change in thinking and working of the people within an organization.
Leadership refers to the influence that certain individuals have on other people’s actions in an organizational context. The leader is the person who, because of his formal and / or informal status (power, prestige, influence), mobilizes, influences, organizes and leads groups and activities towards setting and achieving results.
As it can be noticed from the above definition, besides prestige and influence, power has an important role, as it has five sources:
ü The power to offer rewards (the leader is entitled to reward individuals who achieve certain results);
ü coercive power, which is the opposite of the first source (it is based on individuals’ fear to receive negative sanctions);
ü legitimacy (the power exercised by a leader due to his status);
ü referential power (it is based on the leader’s charisma);
ü Professional power (defines the leader’s skills in certain areas, being recognized by others.
It should be noted that the definition of the situation has an important role because these sources of power are based on the perception of others, on the way in which the others perceive the leader. If people don’t believe in his power, then he has no power.
There are 10 principles that can increase the honor and power of a leader: the power of persuasion, patience, kindness, availability to learn, tolerance, kindness, sincerity, comprehension, consistency, integrity.