Please explain the following quotation: "So oft it chances ... To his own scandal." I want to know some literary terms like irony and simile. Are they in this quote?

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In these verses, Hamlet is using a Homeric simile (an extended or detailed comparison of several or more lines) to make his point that a single negative quality of a country or a person can cancel out, in the minds of others, their positive attributes. He says the following about the boisterous behavior at the Danish court:

This heavy-headed revel east and west

Makes us traduced and taxed of other nations.

They clepe us drunkards and with swinish praise

Soil our addition. And indeed it takes

From our achievements. . . .

So oft it chances in particular men

That for some vicious mole of nature in them. . . .

Carrying, I say, the stamp of one defect . . .

Their virtues else. . . .

Shall in the general censure take corruption

From that particular fault. The dram of evil

Doth all the noble substance of a doubt

To his own scandal.

In other words, a single fault or defect will spoil for others a multitude of virtues that person might possess, just as the Danes are apparently censured by other countries for a...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 627 words.)

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