Please explain Phagocytosis and Pinocytosis.

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dano7744 | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator

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Phagocytosis and pinocytosis are active transport systems, both processes are examples of how a cell can move a substance through the plasma membrane into the cytoplasm and isolate it. Active transport systems move substances into cells up a concentration gradient.

Phagocytosis enables a cell to engulf foreign materias, usually solids. Leukocytes destroy bacteria by phagocytosis, they move the foreign material into the cell using energy provided by ATP. Once inside the cytoplasm lysosomes destroy the bacteria.

Pinocytosis is similar to phagocytosis except this process moves fluids into the cell rather than solids. Both processes rid the body of unwanted substances.

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leewright344 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) eNoter

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Phagocytosis and pinocytosis are active transport systems, both processes are examples of how a cell can move a substance through the plasma membrane into the cytoplasm and isolate it. The main difference between phagocytosis and pinocytosis is that phagocytosis occurs when the small vesticle engulfs around a solid particle, but pinocytosis which can also be referred to as being "cell drinking" occurs when the small vesticle engulfs a liquid particle. In pinocytosis, or "cell drinking," the cell engulfs extracellular fluid, including molecules such as sugars and proteins. These materials enter the cell inside a vesicle, although they do not mix with cytoplasm. Epithelial cells in capillaries use pinocytosis to engulf the liquid portion of blood at the capillary surface.

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