Please explain the origin of "Children's Day" in India.    

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The first Children's Day—also known as Bal Diwas—in India was celebrated around 1956. This idea was proposed by V.K. Krishna Menon and was officially adopted by the United Nations General Assembly to be celebrated each year on November 20th. This specific day was chosen because it marked the day the United Nation adopted and signed the Declaration of Children Rights, with the purpose of encouraging and maintaining the welfare of children and increasing their rights and access to education.

After the death of deeply respected Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (also called Chacha Nehru) in 1964, India unanimously decided to celebrate Children's Day on November 14th instead as a tribute to Nehru, who was born on November 14, 1889. Nehru was known as a strong advocate for all children. He devoted much of his life to the welfare of children across the nation, preaching that children should receive proper care and be nurtured in a loving way, as they are the future generation of India. Nehru's efforts led to various establishments that focused on the development and education of children in the country, including the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and the Indian Institutes of Technology.

Today, Children's Day is celebrated with events and programs organized in schools and other child-associated organizations. Fun competitions, cultural programs, performances, and special broadcast films are often reserved on this day to celebrate the importance of children all over the country.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

In Japan May 5 is Children's Day.

In Japan, May 5 is Children's Day, a day to celebrate children. This day combines what used to be celebrated as the Dolls' Festival on March 3 and the Boys' Festival on May 5. (http://www.enotes.com/history-fact-finder/holidays-observances/what-childrens-day)

In the United States, Children's Day occurs on the second Sunday of June.  It is primarily a church oriented day of recognition for youth to participate in the service of the church. Some calendars have this day occurring in October or November depending on the denomination.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team