Please explain about lexical verbs briefly.  Not only about its definition but also about the types and how it is used.

Expert Answers
wordprof eNotes educator| Certified Educator

This term is unnecessarily confusing.  In English, the action words can take “helpers” called auxiliary verbs, that show tense, probability, etc.—can, did, will, etc.  So when grammarians wanted to talk about and analyze the way sentences work, they had to find a word for the “root” or “base” verb, and the word they chose is “lexical”, meaning the dictionary word that denotes some sort of action—run, jump, live, etc.  Those lexical words, which can stand alone—“I run two miles every day”; “The sheep jump over the fence”: “I live in Detroit”, etc.—or can be given an “auxiliary” helper—“I can run a four-minute mile”; “A horse will jump over a low fence”; I could live in Detroit”.  Lexical words are sometimes further divided in various ways, such as “physical” actions (run, jump, fall, etc.—actions that occur in time and space), and “status” or “condition” actions (have, live, belong, etc.). 

sid-sarfraz | Student

Verbs are words that show an action or state of an object. Lexical verbs (main verbs) comes under the types of verbs.

Lexical verb can appear alone and is leader of verbs. There are two types of lexical verbs:-

  • Transitive verbs

Transitive verbs requires an object like;

The cat killed a mouse.


subject is cat

object is mouse

verb is killed

  • Intransitive verbs

Intransitive verbs does not require an object. like;

The cat is running.

subject: cat

verb: running