Please critique this thesis for my Ap World History Compare and Contrast essay. The prompt is to compare and contraste the fall of the han and roman empires. "Both the Han and Roman empires fell due to problems that have commonly destroyed empires throughout history. The Han Empire in China fell because of many problems including fighting among ruling elites, peasant rebellions due to inequitable distribution of land, external invasions disuniting China, natural disasters and epidemics, the creation of factions creating instability in the government, and military spending. The fall of the Roman Empire occurred because of similar problems of vast epidemics, internal opposition with political corruption, Germanic invasions, and financial loss. The fall of the Han and Roman empires occurred due to various financial, political, military, and social problems that had both similar and dissimilar components."
This is a very interesting question especially in our current climate of economic panic. I would say that the prompt is correct in the sense that all these problems did exist. However, the problem is that they always existed throughout the history of both empires. In light of this, the more interesting question is why did these empires collapse at a particular time.
If we couch the question from this perspective, there can be another answer with some good merit. It can be argued that empires at one point naturally implode, because they are simply too large and complex. In that complexity, no one centralized government can rule effectively, especially in the ancient world. The Romans tried everything. They even tried to divide their empire into what they called the tetrarchy and they failed. From this insight, empires overextend themselves and eventually fail.
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