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Give 5 differences between 1) metals and water, and 2) metals and oxygen.

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Metals and Water:

  • Metals are elements, while water is a compound.
  • Each metal is made up of identical atoms. Water is made up of identical water molecules (each of which is made up of hydrogen and oxygen).
  • A metal will contain atoms of only one type. Water contains 2 different types of atoms: hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Metals are mostly solid at room temperature, while water is a liquid at room temperature.
  • Metals are present in the periodic table of elements, water is not.

Differences between metals and oxygen: (assuming it to be oxygen, the element and not the gas)

  • Oxygen is a non-metal, while metals are (well) metals.
  • Oxygen likes to accept electrons. Metals, generally, donate electrons during the bonding.
  • Oxygen has a negative valency (-2), while metals have positive valency.
  • Oxygen accepts electrons to become an anion, while metals donate electrons to become cations.
  • Metals are good conductor of electricity, oxygen is not.

Hope this helps. 


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