Give 5 differences between 1) metals and water, and 2) metals and oxygen.
Metals and Water:
- Metals are elements, while water is a compound.
- Each metal is made up of identical atoms. Water is made up of identical water molecules (each of which is made up of hydrogen and oxygen).
- A metal will contain atoms of only one type. Water contains 2 different types of atoms: hydrogen and oxygen.
- Metals are mostly solid at room temperature, while water is a liquid at room temperature.
- Metals are present in the periodic table of elements, water is not.
Differences between metals and oxygen: (assuming it to be oxygen, the element and not the gas)
- Oxygen is a non-metal, while metals are (well) metals.
- Oxygen likes to accept electrons. Metals, generally, donate electrons during the bonding.
- Oxygen has a negative valency (-2), while metals have positive valency.
- Oxygen accepts electrons to become an anion, while metals donate electrons to become cations.
- Metals are good conductor of electricity, oxygen is not.
Hope this helps.
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