Obvious indications that the poem is not to be taken literally are the ink running from the corners of the speaker’s mouth and the eating of poetry. The image developed in the poem is that the speaker has been emptying the shelves of books in the way dogs would empty shelves of dog food. The serious topic undergirding the poem is suggested by line 2, “There is no happiness like mine,” and line 16, “I am a new man.” These lines clearly suggest that learning is accompanied with joy. With the exceptions noted in question 2, almost all the words indicate the comic topic. The sad eyes, the poems being gone, the rolling eyeballs, the stamping of the librarian’s feet, the licking of the hand, the screaming—all are clearly a part of the poem’s comic scene.