In the play what are three quotes that show love is hell and why? How does the metaphor love is hell support the main idea of the play

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cldbentley eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In Act I, Scene I of Romeo and Juliet, Romeo still believes himself to be madly in love with Rosaline.  However, she does not return his feeling and intends to join a convent.  Romeo is miserable because he is in love with a girl who doesn't love him and describes his anguish.

Love is a smoke made with the fume of sighs;

Being purged, a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes;

Being vexed, a sea nourished with loving tears.

What is it else?  A madness most discreet,

A choking gall, and a preserving sweet...

Later in the same scene, Romeo says, "I live dead that live to tell it now."  In other words, his life is nothing, since he has to live without her.  This sense of despair is repeated in Act I, Scene IV, when Romeo discusses his depression with Mercution and Benvolio.  In that scene, Romeo, who is about to meet Juliet, explains that

...{he is} to sore enpierced with {Cupid's} shaft

To soar with his light feathers; and so bound

I cannot bound a pitch above dull woe.

Under love's heavy burden I do sink.

Later, after Romeo has already been banished to Mantua, Juliet's parents order her to marry County Paris.  The desperate teenager, who is already married to Romeo, goes to Friar Lawrence and begs for his assistance in formulating a plan to free her from her dire circumstances.  At this point, Juliet is on the verge of killing herself.

Give me some present counsel; or, behold,

'Twixt my extremities and me this bloody knife

Shall play the umpire, arbitrating that

Which the commission of thy years and art

Could to no issue of true honor bring.

Be not so long to speak.  I long to die

If what thou speak'st speak not of remedy.