In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, how does Macbeth's tyranny affect the entire Scottish nation?

Expert Answers
teachertaylor eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Macbeth's tyranny undermines the loyalty that the Scottish subjects have for their nation.  In the beginning of the play, Macbeth is the most highly regarded Thane by King Duncan for his valour on the battlefield.  Duncan gives him the title of Thane of Cawdor to honor the loyalty exhibited by Macbeth during the battle with Norway.  In the eyes of all (except Macduff who is suspicious of Macbeth early in the play), Macbeth is an honorable man, and they give their trust to him as their king.  When the Thanes begin to realize that Macbeth is behind all the murders, they leave his side to fight with the English army.  But this only happens late in the play, and by then Macbeth's tyranny has robbed the country of a just king, a worthy Thane (Banquo), and loyal citizens (Macduff's court).  At the end of the play, Malcolm takes his rightful place on the throne, but there is the hint that it will take some time to return Scotland to the peaceful land it once was.  Acts of tyranny leave in their wake long periods of unease as shown in Macbeth.