perspectives on personality? THE Greek and Roman discussed a fourfold personality cklassification scheme based on the four cosmic element earth air fire and water.     the hippocrates and roman physician galen suggested that these elements are represented in the personality  melancholic  sanguine choleric phlegmatic corresponding to earth air fire and water.   the modern psychological study of personality has been marked by thbe development of four  major perspectives.   what are they lets discuss it one by one  by four kinds of human temperament

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

You are correct in saying that each of the personalities have been used historically to define a person. In addition to the defining of the personality, each personality is aligned with an element, temperature and a bodily fluid. Here are the personalities, the matching element and the bodily fluid.

  • Melancholic- Black Bile- Earth- Dry/Cold
  • Sanguine- Blood- Air-Hot/Moist
  • Phlegmatic- Phlegm- Water- Moist/Cold
  • Choleric- Yellow Bile- Fire- Hot/Dry


Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Here is a list of the four major perspectives on personality:

The Psychoanalytic Perspective
The Trait Perspective
The Humanistic Perspective
The Social-Cognitive Perspective

I'm not sure I understand exactly what you'd like to explore in this conversation... Are you interested in finding parallels between the four ancient elements of personality and the four major contemporary perspectives on personality? 

Or is the aim to draw a three-tier correspondence between the ancient elements of personality, the contemporary theories on personality, and four kinds of human temperment (four typical modes of personality)? 

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team