Was America’s shift to the political right conservatism, saving or holding on to gains that were made, or was it a reaction to the numerous and sometimes violent changes of the Sixties?
The period from 1969 to 1988 is often described as the “Triumph of Conservatism."
The shift to the political right was most definitely a reaction to the changes of the '60s. We can see this in some of the things that the political right wanted. They wanted traditional values, which showed a backlash against the sexual revolution and the Women's Lib movement. They wanted a stronger military, which was a backlash against the anti-military feelings of some in the Vietnam Era. They wanted smaller government, which was a backlash against the big spending of the "Great Society." The positions taken by the political right were all reactions to changes that came about in the Sixties.