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Truly, your request for information will require several responses to fully explain these concepts. Perhaps what is provided here can help you pinpoint more specific questions to which I can further explain.
Keep in mind that the parts of speech are merely labels or classifications for the words you use when you speak or write. Our language classifies these types of words into the following eight categories:
- Nouns--these represent people, places, things, or ideas (teacher, Betty, kitchen, New York, rocks, dog, bravery, thoughtfulness, etc.)
- Pronouns--these take the place of a noun so that our words flow more smoothly. Imagine speaking in this manner: "John gave John's dog John's leftover lunch because John was too full to finish the lunch." By using pronouns, this passage reads more smoothly and is more easily understood: "John gave his dog his leftover lunch because he was too full to finish it." The second passage uses the pronouns his, he, and it in place of the redundant words.
- Verbs--these express what people or things "do" (run, jump, read, eating, slept, think, persuaded, etc.)
- Adjectives--these words are used to describe nouns. They answer three questions: What kind? (ham sandwich) Which one? (Ford truck) How many? (Five dogs)
- Adverbs--these words are used to describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They answer four questions: When? (yesterday) Where? (here, there) How? (quickly, loudly) To what extent? (very fast, so slow, extremely hungry)
- Conjunctions--these words join together words, phrases, and clauses (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet, however, therefore, since, when, because, etc.)
- Prepositions--these words link nouns and pronouns to the rest of the sentence. They point out various relationships (on, in, with, beside, under, for, through, above).
- Interjections--these are emotion words which have no specific relationship to the structure of a sentence (Wow! Geez. What!)
As you read, pick out a few words and try to identify the category to which they belong. With a little experience, you will begin to see that some words can act as several different parts of speech. (Place the box on the table. Please box up the cake for delivery.)
The Writing Process is a three-step method for creating a well-written paragraph, essay, or paper. This method includes the pre-writing stage where you begin to generate ideas about a topic, the writing stage where you research information to support the ideas that you eventually write about the topic, and the revision stage where you proofread, edit, and revise your writing.
While this post does nothing more than to briefly define these elements, I would love to provide you with further information on any one of them. In my regular classroom, I spend several days to several weeks on any one of these topics. Therefore, please focus on providing more specific questions so that I can address them more concisely. Good luck.
Grammar is not an easy topic for many people. So, I applaud you in your endeavor to get better.
When it comes to parts of speech, there are eight elements. Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Pronouns, Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections. Once you master these or get familiar with them, you need to know how they function within a sentence.This is where you need to learn about the parts of a sentence, which are: subject, verb, indirect object, direct object, prepositional phrases, and clauses.
Finally, there are verbals: participles, gerunds, and infinitives. In a short post, I cannot go into detail on any of these topics, but I will link a grammar website for you. Go through it, and you will learn a lot.
As for the writing process, here are a few tips. First, read as much as you can. Second, practice writing. You cannot get better, unless you start writing. Write anything. You might want to use what you have read as a springboard. Finally, organize your thoughts before you begin.
Your goal to improve your grammar skills is a good step to take but I encourage students to focus more on the content of an essay than on grammar and sentence structure. The ideas in the essay are much more important as you respond to the topic. For example, spelling, capitalization and punctuation are essential but I would much rather read a well organized essay. We can always work to improve your grammar once we have an essay in a draft form. Another area that should not be neglected is effective word choice. Choosing the right word can add so much to your essay and communicate your thoughts to the reader.
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