In Part Two, Chapter 9 of 1984, what does Goldstein’s book claim is the primary aim of modern warfare?
Goldstein's book makes sober reading for Winston Smith, as he realises the way that his "reality" has been cynically shaped and moulded to keep him and his fellow citizens imprisoned in a permament limbo of war, impoverishment and want. Goldstein's book explains how war has changed greatly so that it is now no longer about ultimate victory or defeat. The equality of power between the three different power blocks makes this impossible. Instead, the book tells us, the nature of war has changed so that its primary aim is to:
...use up the products of the machine without raising the general standards of living.
War is therefore a strategy to create a world that is a "bare, hungry and dilapidated place" so that the people in it can be controlled and manipulated more easily and the power structures that are in place can exist unchallenged. War has therefore been transformed into a cynical method of controlling the populace, keeping them in want so that the power structure itself is unchallenged.