Part 1, Chapter 4: Analyse the history Winston fabricates in this case of Comrade Withers. what does this reveal about the Party's past? This is the explanation before the question: Basic idea of Ingsoc is the mutability of the past. an interesting instance of this occurs during one of Winston's working days.

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In Part One, chapter 4, Winston Smith is given the task of rewriting an entire article of the Times because it references a person that supposedly never existed. In Oceania, citizens who offend or threaten the Party simply disappear and are "vaporized." Winston's job in the Ministry of Truth is to continually alter articles and other pieces of historically significant literature in order to corroborate with the Party's current political agenda. One of the chief features of Big Brother's rule is the mutability of the past and the government's ability to alter history via continuous revisions and utilizing "doublethink." When political dissidents are "vaporized," their names and identities are completely erased from historical records. The Party refers to a person who has seemingly never existed as an "UNPERSON."

Since the article Winston alters in chapter 4 refers to an "UNPERSON" named Comrade Withers, he simply fabricates another honorable soldier named Comrade Ogilvy to commemorate in the article. Essentially, Winston alters history by creating another person, who loyally and courageously served the Party, while simultaneously erasing another person's personal life and accomplishments from history. This is just one example of how the Party controls the past by continually altering and revising literature to corroborate their current political agenda.

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I think that the basic idea that it reveals about the Party's past is that no one really knows what the Party's past was at all.  There will have been, by this point, so many rewrites of history that it seems likely that no one really remembers what happened.

I think that we can see this in the fact that Winston is sure in his own mind that his version of the past will be the one that is adopted.  His is one that is totally made up and that, he thinks, makes it the best one.  This indicates to me that the Party's whole past is made up and changed to such a degree that it is meaningless.

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