Paraphrase the paragraph on cell growth and cell division below.The cell cycle is required for cell growth and cell division into two daughter cells. A eukaryotic cell cannot divide unless it...

Paraphrase the paragraph on cell growth and cell division below.

The cell cycle is required for cell growth and cell division into two daughter cells. A eukaryotic cell cannot divide unless it replicates its genome (DNA) and then separates the duplicated genome. To achieve these tasks cells must perform DNA synthesis and mitosis. The cell cycle is an ordered set of events. The G1 phase stands for “GAP-1” and is required for cell growth and preparation of DNA synthesis. The S-phase stands for “Synthesis” and replicates the genome. The G2 phase is “GAP-2” and needed for cell growth and preparation for mitosis. The last phase is M and it stands for “Mitosis” in which cells segregate duplicated chromosomes.

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kapokkid | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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A eukaryotic cell must replicate its genome (DNA) and follow the cell cycle in order to divide.  To do so, the cell must go through DNA synthesis and mitosis. The process begins with the cell going through G1, the gap-1 or cell growth and preparation of DNA.  Then S-phase, or synthesis, reproduces the genome inside the nucleus.  Following the S-phase is the G-2 or gap-2 growing the cell in order to prepare for mitosis and then comes the final phase, M or mitosis in which the duplicated chromosomes are seperated.


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