In a paragraph, describe what you think the effect of war are on children and teenagers. Incude some examples.
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Many novels deal with the effects of war on people, directly or indirectly. One novel that indirectly treats the effect of war upon children is William Golding's "Lord of the Flies." In this novel, a plane that intended to remove children from World War II's dangers, crashes onto a remote island. When the adults perish in this crash, the children--all from a boy's school--are left to fend for themselves without the structure of society represented by the adult world. Reverting to their innate natures, some become extremely sadistic, killing others. War returns to them as a naval officer sights their signal fire and brings his ship to the island in order to rescue them. The warship offshore serves as a reminder of the war and the brutality of man; the reader wonders how the savage boys will return to a "civilized" society after their experiences and amid an "uncivilized" war.
Of course, there are other narratives which deal with children affected by war. One of the most famous of these is "The Diary of Anne Frank" which records a young Jewish girl's emotional disturbance in having to leave possessions and her home in order to hide, the terror of being discovered by the Nazis increasing air raids, and her daily anxieties as she is cloistered with her family as well as with strangers with whom she is incompatible along with her puberty and its emotional roller-coasters.
The historian, William M. Tuttle, Jr. has written a book about children who are affected by war, "America's Children in Wartime: Beyond the Latchkey Child." This authentic book chronicles the lives of people who were children in American during World War II, children who had to grow up without benefit of a father and/or mother.
I think that you can argue some fundamental points about the effect of war on kids/ teenagers. The first and most natural consequence is that it creates a distorted view of the world. One of the most challenging elements for soldiers to grasp in war is that at one moment, you are talking to a person next to you and the very next moment, that person could become injured or killed at the hands of enemy fire. This is psychologically challenging for a soldier. We can only imagine the horrific impacts this has on children, whose notions of the world and of consciousness are still in formative stages. Another impact of war on children/ teens is the displacement and disruptive element to their lives. Children and teenagers need a sense of physical security and tranquility. Psychologists have concluded that the emotional turmoil of adolescence, for example, is so challenging for teenagers that there has to be a sense of physical security in home, parental caring unit, and in the general feeling of predictability. War uproots all of this and creates chaos where there should be stability. The last effect would be the vendetta element. For every child or teenage who is orphaned at the hands of violence creates a sense of vengeance and a desire for retribution. This is one of the most challenging elements behind war as it creates and harbors future generations of bitterness and anger.
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