The parable is found in Luke 10. The characters of the parable are a Jewish traveller, a Jewish Priest, a Jewish Levite and a Samaritan. The one telling the story is Jesus and he is speaking to an expert of the Law. The question concerns "who is my neighbor." The parable tries to show that the priest and Levite were not neighborly, even though they should have been. They both were Jews and presumable experts in the Law as well. However, we cannot be too hard on them, because the trail was probably dangerous and there was hatred among Jews and Samaritans. So, the actions of the Samaritan must be judged as exceptional! The Samaritan sees beyond the Jewish/Samaritan divide and shows love. In this way, Jesus redefines who is our neighbor.
This parable comes from the Gospel of Luke. At first, the man is going from Jerusalem to Jericho. He "falls in among thieves" and they beat and rob him.
So now he's on the side of the road. Two men see him first. The first is a priest and the second is a Levite (another kind of priest) both of them just go to the other side of the road -- they "pass by on the other side."
The third man is a Samaritan, he binds the man's wounds, pours oil and wine on them. Then he puts the man on his animal and took him to an inn and had him fed. The next day when he left, he had the innkeeper take care of the man saying he would pay for it.
1. The Priest :- He saw the wounded man but passed by on the other side.
2. The Levit (junior priest) :-He saw the wounded man. He came to him, but passed by.
3. The Samaritan :-He took pity on the wounded man. He bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine. He set him on his own beast and took him to an inn, where he provided the wounded man with every care and nursing, he needed. The next morning, while departing, he asked the inn-keeper to wait on the wounded man, and promised to pay the sum that might need for further nursing.