I have a fill in the blank review. One of the questions is "overproduction of cattle, barbed wire, quarantine laws, and the extension of railroad lines into Texas led to this". There is a blank and I lost the paper for it. Do you know the one word answer?
I do not know an answer for this that is literally just one word, but I can tell you the general answer. The general answer is that all of these things led to the end of cattle drives.
Before the things that you mention happened, cattle drives out of Texas were very common. This happened for about two decades following the end of the Civil War. Cowboys would drive the cattle north out of Texas to get them to railroad lines in Kansas. This process is seen in many Western movies and TV shows.
The things that you mention made it impossible and unnecessary to conduct cattle drives. Barbed wire was put up around farmers’ fields, making it impossible to drive cattle across that land (the land had previously been unfenced). Railroads were extended into Texas, making it unnecessary to make the cattle walk all the way to Kansas. Kansas quarantined Texas cattle, again making it impossible to drive them into that state. Finally, overproduction of cattle reduced cattle prices, making it less profitable to do cattle drives.
All of these things, then, combined to end cattle drives.