Outline Howard Gardner's multiple intelligence theory.
Gardner's theory is that there is not simply one way in which to be intelligent. Instead, there are at least eight different types of intelligence. Because of this, we must not assume that a person who is not good at getting information by reading, for example, is not intelligent. We must also (as teachers) try to teach in ways that allow students to learn in the way where they are most intelligent.
The types of intelligence that Gardner currently lists are:
- Logical-mathematical. This has to do with our ability to reason.
- Spatial This allows us to visualize objects and how they fit into space. When you are given a test and asked to visualize how an object looks when it is rotated, this is the sort of intelligence that is being tested.
- Linguistic. This has to do with how good we are at expressing ourselves and at getting information from language.
- Bodily-kinesthetic. Has to do with how well we can control our bodies.
- Interpersonal. This has to do with how good we are at understanding and getting along with others.
- Intrapersonal. How good we are at understanding ourselves.
- Naturalistic. How well we relate to the natural world. Are we good, for example, at making things grow?