Outline the differences in cytokinesis in animal and plant cells.
Cytokinesis occurs in eukaryotic cells after mitotic division takes place. Towards the end of mitotic cell division, during anaphase, animal cells begin to pinch in half and eventually, two daughter cells are the result. When the membrane pinches, approximately half the cytoplasm goes to each daughter cell. Therefore, the end result is two genetically identical but smaller cells than the original parent cell. However, in plant cell mitosis, at the end of the process, a cell plate forms. This cell plate separates the cell into two distinct cells. The golgi apparatus supplies the materials needed to form the cell walls found in plants. Each plant cell is half the size of the parent, but, genetically identical because each half receives a complete nucleus and half the cytoplasm of the parent cell.