Say i am the Ottoman empire... Do i have the military and technological capipabillities to take over and control a colony? Is so, what type..If not, how do i plan to control the colony?
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By the late nineteenth century, the Ottomans couldn't even hold onto many of the territories they already possessed, much less engage in territorial expansion. Much of this had to do with the general lack of industrial power within the empire, but also the outdated system of administration. So as other European powers scrambled for imperial possessions in Africa, the Ottoman Empire struggled unsuccessfully to maintain its possessions in places like the Balkans.
I assume you are asking this question hypoethically. As other editors note, the very fact that you are assuming the role of the Ottoman Empire indicates to me that you are capable of colonising another nation or group of people. Whether you are able to do that well or not depends a lot on where those people are, their particular context and how you plan to colonise them.
The Ottoman Empire first established a military in the late 13th century. While not a well organized force, it was their first attempt to construct a military. Their organized military was brought together in the middle of the 14th century (under Murad I). After these two periods, post 5 addresses military in the later periods.
If your question is focused on the 18th and 19th centuries as your other questions are, the late 1600s through the early 1800s was a period of what historians call "stagnation." They attribute this stagnation to allowing autonomy instead of enforcing central control and to reforms in education and other areas. Technologically, the Ottoman Empire fell behind the rest of Europe because religious resistance so important advancements like the printing press and artillery techniques were initially rejected in the Empire. Stagnation and failed technological reform does not form a power base from which to colonize.
Since the Ottomans did have an empire, they did conquer some. Military skill and the weakness of nearby territories made it possible for them to form the empire in the first place. So in the beginning, yes they were able to form an empire with the technology they had.
Almost by definition an empire has the power to colonize, at least during the period of its growth and expansion. The Ottomans would have been hard pressed to colonize anyone or anything by the time the empire was in decline. As pohnpei mentions, it would be helpful to know the specific era you have in mind.
Good picture of your dog, by the way! :-)
In what time period are you talking about? Clearly, the Ottomans did have the capability of conquering relatively distant lands given that they were able to control the area that is now Israel and Lebanon, etc. Did the Ottomans have the ability to take colonies even farther off, like in Africa during the Scramble for Africa? Probably not. They lacked the military might to mount such expeditions and fight off the European powers.
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