In George Orwell's 1984, is the telescreen mandatory? What about in Mr Charrington's antique shop? 

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Telescreens are mandatory for Outer Party members like Winston and Julia. They are two-way screens, which means that people can be spied on through them. Winston, for example, never knows when someone might be viewing his activities. One morning, in fact, he is scolded by an observer watching from behind the screen for not doing his exercises properly. It is only because of a quirk of architecture in his flat, which has a small alcove, that he feels somewhat safe writing in a journal, away from the screen's view.

Proles are exempt from having screens, as they don't count to the Party. Mr. Charrington has no visible screen in his shop, though we later find out that a surveillance screen is hidden behind a picture in the room Julia and Winston rent from him.

Winston is stunned that O'Brien is able to turn off his telescreen. That act is impossible for Outer Party members. It shows how powerful O'Brien is.

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In 1984, the telescreen is mandatory for Party members and, as such, telescreens are installed in the homes and workplaces of these people as well as in public areas. The telescreen is a useful tool for the Party because it enables the constant surveillance of the movements and conversations of Party members. It also acts as an effective deterrent against rebellion and thoughtcrime. 

There are, however, some exceptions to this rule. Proles, for example, are exempt from having a telescreen and this explains why there is no screen in Mr. Charrington's antique shop. Winston notices this when he goes to visit the shop to see about renting the room above in Part One, Chapter Eight.

In addition, Inner Party members, like O'Brien, have a telescreen but are allowed to turn it off for short periods. This is because Inner Party members are the most influential and important people in Oceania's society, and we see this when Winston and Julia go to O'Brien's apartment in Part Two, Chapter Eight.

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