Orwell's Animal Farm shows that when societies become unfair, everyone is at fault (dogs).

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Orwell does show that all the animals are to some degree at fault for the death of the dream of equality and plenty in Animal Farm. The pigs—especially Napoleon —are primarily to blame, as they misuse their greater intelligence to take advantage of and deceive the other animals. But...

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Orwell does show that all the animals are to some degree at fault for the death of the dream of equality and plenty in Animal Farm. The pigs—especially Napoleon—are primarily to blame, as they misuse their greater intelligence to take advantage of and deceive the other animals. But the animals are to blame, too. Boxer, the faithful work horse, is too quick to believe in Napoleon and to encourage the other animals to do so too. The sheep mindlessly mimic and believe whatever they are told by the pigs. Benjamin is too cynical. When the hens try to mount a moral protest against Napoleon taking their eggs, none of the other animals actively support them. Overall, as the pigs change the rules entirely, the other animals are too quick to accept the bogus explanations Squealer gives them and to forget what the commandments used to say.

The dogs participate in the death of the dream too, but they are enigmatic figures. We never overhear what they say to each other. No one dog is singled out and given a name. We never learn what the dogs are thinking. We always see them from afar. We know that Napoleon secretly trains them from puppies and that they have been taught to kill on his command.

The dogs are the equivalent of the secret police forces used by Hitler and Stalin to terrorize and silence their populations. The dogs are at fault because they always side with the evil the pigs are doing and never use their intelligence and strength to help the other animals.

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