Explain how Orwell presented Animal Farm as a multi-purpose literary work. 

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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I think that Orwell's work is shown to exist in the realm of multiple purposes in a couple of ways.  The first is that it operates as a story about power and the corruptibility that goes along with it.  Even without the historical or allegorical background, the story is one that resonates with character development, evolution, and a sense of tragic irony for the animals who live on the farm.  Naturally, another purpose that the work serves is political, in that Orwell is giving a strict warning about the nature of political authority and public submissiveness.  The work here operates as a political tract, one that students of government can debate about the nature of political rule.  Along these lines, another purpose of the work is to operate as a historical document.  Orwell is mindful of how Napoleon resembles Stalin, Snowball Trotsky, and Squealer the Soviet propaganda machine.  In this, Jones is the Czar, Boxer the Russian people, and Benjamin, the displaced and cynical academics who realize too late what must be done.  The purpose here is to create a work of historical relevance in which one can assess and better understand the cyclical nature of the Russian Revolution.  Finally, with the construction of the animals talking and the narrative style, Animal Farm can operate as allegory, with a lesson and moral evident at the end of its narration.  In these ways, the work operates through multiple purposes, each converging upon another to make a significant contribution to "L"iterature.

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