Prokaryotes are unicellular organisms that do not have a nucleus nor organelles. Therefore, any organelle would be found in a eukaryote but not a prokaryote. Thus, my response will consist of listing several organelles and their functions:
- The nucleus is the organelles that houses genetic material known as DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid).
- Ribosomes help in the translation of RNA to form proteins. This is the one organelle that is present within a prokaryote.
- The Golgi apparatus and endoplasmic reticulum (otherwise known as the ER) help to synthesize (make) and package proteins and lipids.
- Lysosome clean toxins within the cell. This is easy to remember because lysosome sounds like the common household cleaner called Lysol.
- Mitochondria use glucose and oxygen to make water, carbon dioxide, and an energy source known as ATP.
This is by no means an all-inclusive list, but I hope that it is a good start!