What does T.S. Eliot mean when he says,"Only those who risk going too far can possibly know how far one can go"  

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Essentially, this is an advocation to the reader to challenge him or herself. Eliot is saying that we are always capable of more than we think we are. Only those who are willing to keep going to a point which they fear is "too far" can ever possibly discover how far it is possible for them to go. If we behave conservatively and do not take risks, we will always be slightly holding ourselves back. However, if we do not pause to consider the fear of failure, and do not allow ourselves to become shackled by the fear of doing too much or being too excessive, then we will be freed to fulfill our true potential.

A key word in this quotation, of course, is "risk." Eliot is suggesting that there is always an element of risk inherent in any real achievement. Only by welcoming this aspect of risk can we truly go above and beyond what we thought might be possible. If we want only to stay in our risk-free comfort zones, we will never establish what we are actually capable of doing.

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Put simply, only by "pushing the envelope" can you find out what you are capable of. Eliot here is saying that only when humans test their potential by "going too far" can they discover their truest abilities and possibilities. In essence, this quote echoes the "carpe diem" (seize the day) sentiment found in other great idioms and expressions from literature. Risk is inherent to gain, to put this another way. "Nothing ventured, nothing gained," another saying says, and Eliot's quote says the same thing more eloquently. Like other great poets, Eliot is encouraging readers to test limits and boundaries.

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