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Of the five grand theory explanations used in cross-national crime research, which theory do you find most credible? Explain.

When forming an opinion regarding the most credible theory for cross-national crime research, it is important to consider that several of the theories are linked. For example, world systems theory and opportunity theory both relate to modernization theory, in that all three argue that aspects of modernization can result in crime.

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There are several theories used to explain crime, including civilization theory, modernization theory, feminist theory, world system theory, and opportunity theory. Some of these theories overlap with others.

For example, modernization theory states that many elements of modern life have interrupted the traditional social patterns that have connected people. Modernization...

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There are several theories used to explain crime, including civilization theory, modernization theory, feminist theory, world system theory, and opportunity theory. Some of these theories overlap with others.

For example, modernization theory states that many elements of modern life have interrupted the traditional social patterns that have connected people. Modernization is associated with the development of large urban areas and mass society, along with the development of mass media and large nation states. Robert Merton and other theorists believe that the dissolution of social ties occur when strains are placed on people, which takes place during the process of modernization.

Associated with modernization is world systems theory, which posits that the disruption of traditional subsistence societies and the introduction of capitalism result in crime. This theory is consistent with the ideas of modernization, as both theories suggest that the growth of modern, capitalist mass societies results in crime. Opportunity theory is also consistent with these ideas, as it posits that modern societies allow chances for people to engage in crimes.

Therefore, modernization theory, world systems theory, and opportunity theory are linked, and a belief that modernization is at the root of crime implies that all of these theories are valid in explaining crime. Therefore, if you believe in one of these three theories, you likely believe in the other two.

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