In Oedipus Rex, what qualities does Oedipus have?

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Oedipus is impulsive, brave, full of pride. It's the latter of these qualities that ultimately leads to his downfall. Oedipus angrily ignores the blind prophet Tiresias when he accuses him of killing his father. Tiresias has never been wrong; his reputation as a prophet is second to none. But Oedipus being Oedipus, he simply refuses to listen to reason. The very idea that he of all people could be responsible for the death of his own father is simply too horrible to contemplate.

Oedipus is an active character, as we might expect. But to a large extent he reacts to situations rather than shaping them. In some cases, such as his solving of the Riddle of the Sphinx, the outcome is a happy one. But in others, such as his determination to find Laius's "real" killer after hearing Tiresias' unwelcome prophecy, his reaction to events leads to complete catastrophe, for himself and others.

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I would say that Oedipus possesses some fairly strong and intense qualities.  There is a curious nature, almost a passion that drives for the search for truth that animates him as a ruler and eventually ends up spelling out his own destruction with the disclosure of the truth.  He is a very prideful figure. He is a strong ruler, committed to doing what he can to end the plague that grips his city, and is willing to demonstrate his own personal glory whenever called upon.  At the same time, his pride is on display with his rather harsh treatment of individuals like Tiresias, whom he dismisses with the reluctance to want to speak the truth.

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