In "Ode to Autumn" by John Keats:
What are the vines, the apples trees, the gourd, the hazel shells, the kernel, the flowers and the bees doing as Keats wrote? Whom is he asking in the second and the third strophes?
In stanza 1 of Keats's Ode to Autumn, the season of Autumn is seen as conspiring with the sun to ripen the fruits to their maturation so that they are ready for harvesting. The vine-creepers are presented in terms of an image of arrested motion, running along the edges of a thatched roof. The apple trees around the cottages, covered with the softness of mossy growth, are bent low because of the burden of fruits. The Autumn being a season of '.......mellow fruitfulness', it aims to fill all fruits with 'ripeness to the core'. The gourd grows to full swelling and the hazel nuts is impregnated with a 'sweet kernel'. As the season seems to continue the process of maturation unendingly, new flowers keep blossoming, and the bees, as it were in a state of trance, go on collecting honey, thus overflowing the cells of their hives.
In stanza 2, the poet addresses Autumn as a harvester who is not harvesting. Autumn is seen as a winnower, a reaper, a gleaner, and a cyder-presser. In stanza 3, the poet addresses Autumn to assure her that her sounds and melodies are unique and various enough to outdo the music of Spring.