A number of issues on international victimization are covered in Chapter 7 of the textbook "Women and Crime".  The link below provides excerpts taken from a Documentary entitled "Not My Life"....

A number of issues on international victimization are covered in Chapter 7 of the textbook "Women and Crime".  The link below provides excerpts taken from a Documentary entitled "Not My Life".  It features the journey of human trafficking victims.   

 1) Would the legalization (decriminalization) of prostitution impact sex traffickers and the sex industry in general?  Explain.

2) Based on the information provided in the chapter, what more needs to be done to help combat human trafficking? Be specific.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1usmQ5wks0s

Expert Answers
obrienk4 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Hello! Thanks for your question.

With regards to the first question, there are a number of issues you could consider. Some people believe that the legalization and regulation of prostitution would have a positive impact on women and reduce the number of sex traffickers. Others disagree, either as a result of differing moral principles or because they believe legalization would not actually improve the lives of sex workers. I suggest you do more research on this in order to draw your own conclusion and support it with facts. You might look at countries that have legalized prostitution (such as the Netherlands and Portugal) and how legalization has affected those societies. Compare those countries to countries where it is illegal, like the United States. Here is one article you could use. For more background knowledge, you might consider reading this page from eNotes.

In California not too long ago, there was a proposition put forward that would have implemented stricter rules in the porn industry. Many sex workers were against this. The porn industry is a legal sex industry, so you might also include research and comparisons with it. NPR has a few articles on this issue; here is one.

Here is also a link to an eNotes question about sex trafficking that you might find useful.

With regards to the second question, legalization is of course one option. Many proponents of legalization argue that by bringing sex work out into the open, we would be able to better protect sex workers many of the harms related to prostitution. Government oversight may help reduce trafficking, and also give sex workers access to health care. On the other hand, many argue that a black market for prostitution will continue to exist, even if prositution is legalized. You might also consider and look into stricter punishments for "Johns" (those who sollicit sex from prostutites) or the pimps who control the prostitutes. Another thing to think about might be increase in human trafficking trainings that are being done accross many fields. Though law enforcement might be trained to recognize victims of human trafficking, other professionals such as flight attendants, nurses, and hairdressers are increasingly being trained to recognize signs of a person being trafficked; perhaps more training and more funding for training could help. Those are some ideas to get you started, and I am sure that once you do a little more research you will be able to come up with some more ideas on your own!

Unlock This Answer Now