in the novel, what are the three most important(to you) chapters in the novel? Analyze these chapters.....thanks to you!!

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mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Chaper Four - "Painted Faces and Long Hair"This chapter marks the beginning of the breakdown in order as the conflicts develop, and it introduces the major theme of Civilization vs. Savagery.  Piggy's glasses are broken, his perceptions are impaired, and he becomes a outsider: 

Piggy was a bore; his fat, his ass-mar and his matter-of-fact ideas were dull, but there was always to be got out of pulling his leg, even if one did it by accident.

The sadistic Roger's personality is established as he restrains his aim from hitting little Henry because his arm has been "conditioned by a civilization that knew nothing of him and was in ruins," and Jack is "liberated from shame and self-consciousness" by the mask and begins his descent into savagery.  In recognition of the emerging conflicts of Chapter Four, Golding writes,

Not even Ralph knew how a link between him and Jack had been snapped and fastened elsewhere.

Chapter Five - "Beast from Water" Jack begins his control in this chapter; he denounces the conch, the last tangible symbol of order on the island.  As the vestiges of civilization erode, Ralph begins to question existence:

Again he fell into that strange mood of speculation that was so foreign to him.  If faces were different when lit from above or below--what was a face?  What was anything?

Yet, he tries to "put things straight" as the boys conceptualize the beast.  Exemplifying the slipping grip that the boys have on civilization, Little Percival Wemys Madison states his name and address, but can no longer remember his telephone number.  He cries as he attempts to talk about the beast.  Only Simon intuitively understands that the beast is in the boys themselves.  He takes the conch, but he becomes "inarticulate in his effort to express mankind's essential illness," but his effort falls "about him in ruins; the laughter beat him cruelly and he shrank away defenseless to his seat."

As Ralph peers into the gloom, and Jack shouts, "Bollocks to the rules!" and becomes a threat to Raph's leadership.  In this chapter, it is apparent that the action is spiraling to the novel's dark conclusion

Chapter Eight -"The Gift for Darkness"   This chapter contains the climax of the novel.In this chapter, Jack challenges Ralph for the leadership.  Anarchy takes over the island as the hunters led by Jack steal the fire, which represents power; the power of the conch now no longer exists.  When the hunters kill a pig, they leave the head as an offering, impaling it on a stick.  Here, then, Beelezebub, Lord of the Flies, emerges and a tangible force. As the head sits impaled upon the stick, Simon emerges from his secret place in the jungle, and the Lord of the Flies talks to him, telling Simon what he already intuitively knows:  the Lord of the Flies is the beast; he is part of the boys.  But, when Simon returns, he again is unable to articulate his message of the inherent evil in man to the boys.  Their descent into savagery continues, and the boys become aware of the existence of evil on their island, the microcosm of society.

vieanna | Student

What have we all learned from chapter 8 and 9 the lord of flies by william golding? pls answer me asap thank you.

dollface8 | Student

  What are some significant events in chapter 3 “huts on the beach” and why??

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Lord of the Flies

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