In the novel In The Time of the Butterflies, how does Patria change throughout the book?
In my opinion, Patricia is the character that goes through the most dramatic changes in the novel. Patricia changes from religious, to being in love, to losing a child, to losing her faith, to regaining her faith on a pilgrimage, to being a devoted mother, to being a committed member of the movement against Trujillo.
While quite young, Patricia is entranced by the nuns and the religiosity of their Roman Catholic faith. She longs to be one of them. Of course, this is where young love enters the scene and, at the tender age of sixteen, Patricia falls in love with Pedrito González while she washes his feet in the context of the ritual washing during Holy Week in the Roman Catholic Church. They quickly marry and have two children. However, when Patricia's third child dies, she loses her faith and doesn't regain it until going on a religious pilgrimage. Patricia becomes a devoted mother through this time and worries about her children, especially when they become involved in the movement against Trujillo. Patricia makes another transition when she moves the meetings of the movement from "near" her home to "in" her home. This puts the family at risk. Patricia is eventually killed as a result of her devotion to the movement.
Patricia's journey, then, is a complex one that involves religion, motherhood, and politics. Here is a quotation from Alvarez that is important to remember in the context of this journey:
A novel is not, after all, a historical document, but a way to travel through the human heart.
Patria is a very dynamic individual as seen through the changes she goes through in the novel until her death. Earlier on she comes off as a very religious and generous individual, who develops leanings towards sisterhood at Inmaculada Conception and even catches the attention of Sor Asuncion. She thinks and hopes to join the nuns but something else happens and instead marries Pedrito Gonzalez and this starts her off on a different journey. She at one point loses her faith but soon regains it and her religious beliefs are restored. Her eldest son Nelson gets involved with his aunts and uncles in an underground movement opposing Trujillo and she is worried at first. She allows the underground meetings to occur on their land but not in her house because she does not want to be involved. Later on she completely joins the movement after witnessing the brutal murder of a teenager by Trujillo’s men. She allows the meetings to take place in her house, signifying her full commitment to the revolution.
When Patria is very young she is an extremely giving child. Her mother is concerned about her over generous nature. As Patria grows a little older she desires to become a nun in the church an live for the Lord. She carries this as her belief until she becomes attracted to the opposite sex. She then realizes that she wants to marry and have children.
Patria marries young and becomes a good wife and mother. She obeys her husband and stays out of the involvement that her sisters have becomes involved in "the revolution." However, she does not abandon her sisters.
When her sister and her group need a place to meet Patria stands up to her husband, which is something she would not have done in the past. For the first time she has placed her family in harms way to help her siblings. As her son becomes more enmeshed in the movement she also becomes a part of the movement.
Patria is killed for her support of the revolution against Trujillo.