Three rights whites had that blacks were denied were the right to an education, the right to a fair trial, and the right to live where they wanted.
The most significant right and privilege that whites had that colored people did not was the right to an education.
When Scout and Jem visit Calpurnia’s church, they realize that most people can’t read. Calpurnia can read because the Finch Family provided her with an education. Her son Zeebo can read because she taught him.
There wasn't a school even when he was a boy. I made him learn, though." (ch 12)
Calpurnia has an education because Scout and Jem’s grandfather was forward thinking enough to teacher her.
Another right that whites have that blacks do not is the right to a fair trial. Tom Robinson is appointed a good defense attorney, Atticus Finch, but even that is not enough. Atticus tells the jury that a court is one place where everyone is equal.
A court is only as sound as its jury, and a jury is only as sound as the men who make it up. (ch 20)
Atticus proves not only that the defendant is not physically able to commit the crime, but that the crime did not even happen. Tom Robinson is still convicted, because a white woman’s word is better than a black man’s.
The third important right that blacks were denied is the right to live where they wanted. Most blacks live off by themselves, near the dump. They live there because they are poor, since they have so few opportunities, and because the whites won’t let them live in their neighborhoods.
Atticus describes it as the “little settlement beyond the town dump” (ch 9).
The poor whites live there because they choose to, but the blacks live there because they have to.
In Maycomb, blacks and whites did not have equal rights.