The government has created a society where books and the pleasure people get from books is no longer valued. It is a society of conformity and instant gratification. Bradbury, the author, pits human feelings and thought against technology and its misuse. People are lonely because they are alienated from each other. By censoring books, people don't feel connected to each other because they no longer feel the emotions that books can stir within us. Reading and thinking have been outlawed because they only stir up trouble in a a society that is trying to make everyone feel the same thing.
The government isn't successful mainly because human feeling and thought cannot be turned off. It can be suppressed, but not totally. This is evident in the book people who have fled from the city. They offer hope against this conformist society.