In "The Notorious Jumping Frog Calveras County,"who's the protagonist & antagonist of the framework story & the framed story?    And, what is the conflict that the narrator...

In "The Notorious Jumping Frog Calveras County,"who's the protagonist & antagonist of the framework story & the framed story?    

And, what is the conflict that the narrator faces, & how is the conflict resolved?   

Expert Answers
mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In Mark Twain's "The Notorious Jumping Grog of Calaveras County," the framework story has Twain's narrator in communication with a friend of his who requests that he ask Old Wheeler about a Leonidas W. Smiley.  However, as it turns out, the friend appears to have played a joke upon the narrator since the narrator becomes subjected to many tales about a Jim Smiley when he makes the inquiry for his friend.  Thus, the friend becomes the protagonist and the narrator the antagonist of the framework story.

In the framed story, Jim Smiley is for the most part the antagonist against the others from whom he wins money on his bets with horse, dog, and anything else that he can bet.  However, in the tale of the "notorious jumping frog," the role of antagonist switches to Smiley's gambling adversary who tricks Smiley by shoving quail shot into the frog while Smiley seeks a competitor frog for this man in order that they can bet.  Having put the lead in the frog of Smiley, the other man wins with the frog that Smiley has fetched.

Then, as the story switches back to the framework plot, the narrator eludes Wheeler who attempts to relate another tall tale.

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