In "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night," who is the speaker addressing?
The speaker directly addresses his father in the last stanza of the poem. However, generally, he is addressing all men (and I do mean men, as I do not think that women figured in Thomas's imagination for this poem) who see their lives coming to an end.
He considers different types of men, though he does not directly connect his father with any of them. First, there are "wise men":
Though wise men at their end know dark is right,
Because their words had forked no lightning they
Do not go gentle into that good night.
These men know, because they are wise, that they must die ("know dark is right"), but resist death because their wisdom has not had the desired impact on the living ("their words had forked no lightning").
Then, he contemplates "good men":
Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright
Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay,
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.
The "good men" are described as both friendly ("wave by") and sorrowful because they are "crying." They...
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