North Carolina is home to the largest number of Native Americans east of the Mississippi. The state is home to 

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Kristen Lentz eNotes educator| Certified Educator

over 100,000 indigenous peoples including the Coharee, Eastern Band of the Cherokee, Haliwa-Saponi, Lumbee, Mahherrin, Sappony, Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation and Waccamaw-Siouan.

The Lumbee-Cheraw tribe, the largest unrecognized group of Native Americans east of the Mississippi.  The Lumbee are a very active tribe seeking recognition of its people, and the federal benefits that would go along with that recognition.  It is the largest native group in the state, with a population reaching over 50,000 people.


bjmbell | Student

Currently there are eight American Indian tribes that are officially recognized by the state of North Carolina and one tribe that is federally recognized. The Eastern Band of the Cherokee is the only federally recognized tribe in North Carolina. The eight tribes that are state recognized are located throughout North Carolina and include the Sappony, the Meherrins, the Haliwa-Saponi, the Waccamaw-Siouans, the Lumbees, the Occaneechi-Saponi, and the Coharies