a) Negative environmental impacts of tourism. b) Positive socio-cultural impacts of tourism. Explain the following with the help of suitable examples:

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besure77 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

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There are both positive and negative effects of tourism. One positive effect is that jobs are created. Tourists bring money to the economy. Roads, airports, golf courses, shops, hotels and restaurants, etc. need to be built. All of these things will give many people jobs.

A negative effect of tourism is the depletion of natural resources such as water. Pollution such as litter, sewage, and air pollution are all concerns. Ecosystems may also be altered to the depletion of habitats for building. In addition, beaches are often transformed into tourist destinations (including marinas) which harms or eliminates these habitats as well.

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bullgatortail | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

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Living nearly my entire life in Florida--within 100 miles of Orlando and Daytona Beach--it's easy to witness the pros and cons of tourism. Negatives include traffic problems; tacky tourist traps; an abundance of tourist-aimed billboards; crime, initiated both by tourists and against them; and inflated prices aimed at tourists but also absorbed by residents. Positives include the large number of jobs created by the tourist trade; tourist and hotel taxes that improve conditions by all who utilize them; the creation of major events and theme parks (NASCAR, Disney, etc.); and a general boost for the local economy. 

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fatxxx | Student, Grade 10 | eNotes Newbie

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There are both positive and negative effects of tourism.Negatives include traffic problems; tacky tourist traps; an abundance of tourist-aimed billboards; crime, initiated both by tourists and against them; and inflated prices aimed at tourists but also absorbed by residents.It also includes depletion of natural resources such as water. Pollution such as litter, sewage, and air pollution are all concerns. Ecosystems may also be altered to the depletion of habitats for building. In addition, beaches are often transformed into tourist destinations (including marinas) which harms or eliminates these habitats as well.On the other hand positive impact includes jobs which are created because of tourism.  Roads, airports, golf courses, shops, hotels and restaurants, etc. need to be built. All of these things will give many people jobs.Tourists bring money to the economy as  tourist and hotel taxes and they improve conditions of all who utilize them .The creation of major events and theme parks as well as economy and infrastucture of that area.

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