I need to write a sonnet that includes: personification; simile or a metaphor; 4 sensory images; and an apostrophe. It must be in iambic pentameter.
Please give me some of your own original ideas/examples.
That's a pretty all-inclusive assignment! To begin with, then, I would suggest writing a Shakespearean sonnet because the form is pretty structured. There are 14 lines, ten syllables per line written in iambic pentameter. The rhyme scheme is: a-b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g, the last two being a rhyming couplet. An example of iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme a-b, a-b, c-d, etc.:
I know that I must write this work today
But writing things for me is quite a trick
It's hard for me to think of things to say
In fact, the thought of writing makes me sick
See how the words rhyme at the end of the line? As you continue, you would use the same pattern, with different words that rhyme at the end. The last two lines have to end with words that rhyme with each other, for example:
I'd better sign off eNotes and get done
So I can watch TV and have some fun
You also must include the other poetic devices you mentioned. An "apostrophe" addresses someone that isn't there or some imaginary person. So, in my example:
Oh teacher! You who gives homework so hard!
Why can't we just write something we enjoy?
For personification (giving life to an inanimate object-the book), simile (a comparison using "like" or "as" - the frozen person) and metaphor (comparison that does not use these words-the statue):
My English book stares back at me with mirth
Defying me to start, yet I am crippled
As one who cannot move, with frozen girth
A statue, made of stone and marble dimpled
All of these lines show the rhyme scheme and iambic pentameter. Now it's up to you. Depending on what you write about, you have to come up with sensory images that will work:
I taste the bitter grade I might receive
If I don't do the job. I'd best begin
Repeat 11th grade? Oh how I'd grieve!
The sound of that doth make my heart to spin
Read some of Shakespeare's and Donne's sonnets for ideas.