I need a summary of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana in 10 words each, no more and no less.

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maadhav19 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Mahabharata and the Ramayana are India's two great epics. The Mahabharata is a massive and sprawling story about the five heroic and virtuous Panadava brothers and their quest to gain and hold an empire against their wicked cousins, the Kauravas. The epic climaxes with a great battle which destroys all the world's armies. Also, the Hindu god Krishna has a pivotal role in this epic as a guide to the heroes.

The Ramayana also revolves around a Hindu god: Rama. In this epic, Rama is a prince who must go into exile before he can claim his throne. While in exile, a demon named Ravana kidnaps his wife Sita. Rama and his brother Lakshman, aided by an army of monkeys must go and rescue her. They become friends and allies with a powerful monkey named Hanuman, also a Hindu deity, along the way.

While both epics portray Hindu dharma, or moral righteousness, many look to Rama in particular as a model of human morality.

I realize I did not quite summarize these in ten words each. I suppose "The Mahabharata's Pandavas. with Krishna, seek to defeat the Kauravas" and "Rama quests to rescue Sita from Ravana in the Ramayana" might fit the bill.

bhawanipur | Student

Mahabharata is such an epic which explains what should we do and what not. It is all about the battle of 'Dharma' and 'Adharma' have been going on since the inception of this universe in the minds of man. TIt teaches us how to confess our guilt humbly like Bhisma humbly. At the same time we should think again and again before making a vow whether it will be for the welfare of the society and its people. Like Bidur we must adopt our mind to confront 'Adharma' boldly and if not possible to convince your kins and kith to sacrifice everything for the welfare of the society. The lessons give to Arjuna by Krishna teaches us to work for the well being of the people we are surrounded by having no aspirations of own and to restore 'Dharma' means peace and tranquility and allowing all to live in peace. We also learn from the story of the epic that 'Adharma' causes harm to the people adher to. Almighty never tolerate it and oneday He bring it to end.

In Ramayana, we see how people should within 'Maryada' means limits even though he is a king or else one. Rama who is believed to be an incarnation of Almighty acts humbly and goes to the forest for the sake of his father's order. He had never questioned his father. On the other hand though his Step mother Kaikai was the women behind his banishment yet he behaves with her like his own mother. On the other hand we see sacrifice of Bharata the brother of his step mother who for the sake of his elder brother ruled the state like a sage and cursed his own mother for such notorious act.

Read the study guide:
The Ramayana

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