I need some purely Gothic conventions that are apparent in Dracula for my revision.

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teachersage eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Few conventions are "purely" anything, but the following conventions are associated with Gothic literature: intimations or the presence of death, a setting at a castle or a lonely, isolated spot, a feeling of horror, dread or gloom, a woman or women (or man) in distress, often threatened by a tyrannical creature, the presence of monsters or vampires, and a mystery.

Dracula focuses on a vampire and the need to destroy the threat the creature poses as he heads back out into the world after a long hiatus in Transylvania. The novel opens at his gloomy, frightening castle in an isolated, foggy setting. From the start, Dracula himself, who never comes out by day, never eats and whose face cannot be seen in a mirror, is a frightening character who increasingly fills our narrator, Jonathan Harker, with a sense of horror. Dracula is able to possess other animals that traditionally fill humans with dread, such as wolves or rats. He will threaten to turn the women close to our narrator, such as his fiancee Mina and her friend Lucy, into vampires. He presents a mystery: who is he, how can such a creature exist, how does he function, and how can he be stopped?

Karen P.L. Hardison eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Classic features of Gothic literature comprise a long list: gloomy remote castles; ruined castles with myriad secret passageways; grand, powerful landscapes; innocent maidens threatened by wicked evilness; the supernatural mixed with everyday reality, like the superstitions of the townspeople in the Carpathian Mountains; the classic "dark and stormy night"; mountains bathed in cold and desolation; threatening journeys; forces of good facing forces of evil.

How these apply to Dracula by Bram Stoker may be somewhat apparent now: Dracula's castle; the passageways; the three women vampires; the Carpathian Mountains; the superstitious peasants; dark and stormy nights; good fighting against evil; cold fogs rolling in bringing unspeakable evil; frightening journeys led by unknown person through unknown lands for unknowable purposes; maidens in dire distress who are beyond salvation. Does this help clear up the stormy dank Draculan fog?