I need some information on the development of black baseball leagues.
Mainly when was the negro league created, how was life for the players, how did they get paid and the amount, why couldn't they play in the major league (I know it's mainly because of whites and black being segregated, but anything else would help). What was the difference between the Major and Negro Leagues? Who were the rising stars, star players and hall of famers? Also, who started the Negro League? Any other additional info would help. Thanks in advance. I really have to pass my history class. This counts as my exit project. Please help. Thanks again.
3 Answers | Add Yours
The internet is going to be a great resource to assist you in your research. I think that you are probably going to find that Negro League baseball was similar to the Majors, but there was much in it that was different. There was a greater sense of "showmanship" in the way in which the game was played and more of a widened capacity to explore what could be done in the Negro Leagues. Satchel Paige would be one such star of the Negro Leagues who was not afraid of the spotlight. His pitching ability was amazing and posting 30+ win seasons was not rare. This is something that would tax most to even try to list pitchers, then or now, that have done such a thing.
African Americans began playing baseball in the late 1800's. They played on college teams, company teams, and military teams. People such as Moses Fleetwood Walker and Bud Fowler played for professional teams with whites. Because of racism and the Jim Crow laws they were forced from baseball teams by the 1900's.
Andrew "Rube" Foster formed the first official all black league in 1920. He was the owner of the Chicago American Giants. Some other teams were formed and the Negro National League was the result.
Jackie Robinson was the first African American to play for the Major Leagues. He played for the Brooklyn Dodgers and was recruited from the Kansas City Monarchs.
As you may have guessed, the main reason for there being a separate major league for African-American players was because blacks were banned from playing in the National and American Leagues until Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in 1945. Separate Negro Leagues began as early as 1887 and lasted until approximately 1951. The two most successful leagues were the Negro National League (1933-1948) and the Negro American League (1937-1951. This league continued as a barnstorming unit until about 1960.)
Many of the players were of Major League caliber, but due to their color, they were nevertheless ineligible until the color barrier was broken shortly after World War II. Among the greatest players of the Negro leagues (and all of whom would surely have been successful in the Major Leagues) were slugging catcher Josh Gibson; pitchers Satchel Paige and Rube Foster; first baseman Buck Leonard; and outfielder "Cool Papa" Bell.
Probably the greatest team of the Negro Leagues was the Homestead (Pennsylvania) Greys, which included both Paige and Gibson at one time. They remained in continuous operation for 38 years. The Indianapolis Clowns were the last Negro League team in operation, barnstorming (much in the manner of basketball's Harlem Globetrotters) long after the league folded until about 1980.
Check out the eNotes link below. It should answer most of your questions and give other links to help you out on your others.
We’ve answered 318,936 questions. We can answer yours, too.Ask a question