I need to select three characters from Homer's Iliad, including one god or goddess, one Greek, and one Trojan, and describe their relationships to each other and to the Iliad as a whole.   

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Three important characters in Homer's Iliad are:

Odysseus: He is a human hero, who is the King of Ithaca. He fights on the Greek side in the Trojan war and is known for his cleverness, and devising many of the stratagems that led to Achilles return to the battle and the eventual Greek victory. Although he is a strong and competent warrior, he often prefers clever solutions to direct confrontation and can be unscrupulous. He is the great-grandson of Hermes, the god of messengers and thieves. 

Athena: She is the goddess of wisdom. She is a virgin goddess who was born from the head of Zeus and is a goddess of war and the craft of weaving. She is also the patron goddess of Odysseus, counseling and protecting him, and supports the Greeks in the war. 

Paris: A Trojan and son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba, Paris is one of the causes of the war. When he was called upon to judge a beauty contest among the three goddesses, Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite, he chose Aphrodite, who bribed him with the reward of Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world. It was Paris' abduction of Helen that started the war. Athena supports the Greeks in part because she was offended by the choice of Paris. Paris is described by fellow-Trojan Hector as a dishonorable character:

"Paris, you handsome, woman-mad deceiver,

you shouldn't have been born, or killed unmarried....

[you] have no strength, nor character, nor courage."

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