Morality. Atticus scolds Scout about using the "N" word, and how it is "common." When she responds that everyone at school uses the word, Atticus answers her simply.
"From now on it'll be everybody less one--" (Chapter 9)
Integrity. Atticus allows Scout to overhear his discussion with Jack in order to let her know the real reason he has taken the Tom Robinson case.
"... do you think I could face my children otherwise?... I just hope that Jem and Scout come to me for their answers instead of listening to the town. I hope they trust me enough." (Chapter 9)
Honesty. Scout learns a hard lesson about the facts about life in Depression Era Alabama when Atticus explains that Tom Robinson has little chance of being acquitted, even if he is telling the truth.
"The only thing we've got is a black man's word against the Ewells'... The jury couldn't possibly be expected to take Tom Robinson's word... (Chapter 9)
Courage. Atticus claims that old Mrs. Dubose is the "bravest person I ever knew." He forces Jem to read for her as an excuse for repaying the damage done to her camellia bushes, but in reality Jem's presence is an aid to her recovery from morphine addiction and for him to see
"... what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand." (Chapter 11)
Acceptance. In the final dialogue of the novel, Scout recognizes that one of the characters in the book Atticus has been reading her was actually innocent of the accusations against him. Like Boo, "he was real nice."
"Most people are, Scout, when you finally see them." (Chapter 31)
'...What real courage is, instead of getting an idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand.'
atticus says this to Jem when mrs Dubose died. in the previous chapter, Atticus shoots an ill dog and Jem thinks that its brave to do so but atticus doesn't want him to believe that. Atticus wants Jem to believe that courage is not depending on others, that trhe courage is not hiding your flaws, and true courage is recovering from an addiction.
This also links to The quote,
'she died beholden to nothing and nobody,' it can also link to the quote,'she's the bravest person I ever knew.'
hope this helped
"Courage is not a man with a gun in his hand. It's knowing you're licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do."
“It’s not okay to hate anybody.”
"Bad language is a stage all children go through, and it dies with time when they learn they're not attracting attention with it."
"Best way to clear the air is to have it all out in the open."
"I'm no idealist to believe firmly in the integrity of our courts and in the jury system -- that is no ideal to me, it is a living, working reality. Gentlemen, a court is no better than each man of you sitting before me on this jury. A court is only as sound as its jury, and a jury is only as sound as the men who make it up."