I need help with finding five similes, metaphors, and personification from the balcony scene (Act 2 scene 2) of Romeo and Juliet.
The use of figurative language runs rampant throughout William Shakepeare's play Romeo and Juliet (in a positive and beautiful way). In the balcony scene, many examples of metaphors, similes, and personification can be found.
Metaphors-comparison between two things not using "like" or "as" to make the comparison.
"But soft! What light through yonder window breaks?" Here, Romeo is comparing Juliet's entrance onto the balcony as the sun rising. To compound this metaphor, Romeo actually calls Juliet the sun (in another example of a metaphor): "Juliet is the sun!"
Simile- the comparison between two things using "like" or "as" to make the comparison.
O, speak again, bright angel! for thou art
As glorious to this night, being o'er my head,
As is a winged messenger of heaven.
Here, Juliet is compared to a winged messenger of heaven. Given that the comparison uses the word "as," this comparison is a simile.
Personification - the giving of human characteristics/abilities to non-living and non-human things.
Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,
Who is already sick and pale with grief.
Here, the sun and moon are both personified (given the sun is allotted the ability to kill the moon and to be sick/pale with grief).
Another example of personification is: "When he bestrides the lazy-pacing clouds." Here, the clouds are given the ability to be lazy and pacing.
Another example of personification can be found when Romeo declares his name to be his enemy.
'Tis but thy name that is my enemy.
My name, dear saint, is hateful to myself,
Because it is an enemy to thee.
Later, Juliet also gives human characteristics to something which only humans can do. Juliet states that her ears can drink.
My ears have yet not drunk a hundred words.
To begin the scene, Romeo says of his friend, Mercutio, "He jests at scars that never felt a wound" (2.2.1). Mercutio has just been teasing Romeo for being in love with Rosaline, as he does not realize that his friend no longer loves Rosaline but Juliet. Romeo suggests that his emotional, figurative hurt was once a literal, physical wound that has left a scar. This comparison of a physical injury to an emotional pain is a metaphor.
Romeo personifies Juliet's eyes when he says, "Her eye discourses; / I will answer it" (2.2.13). This probably means that he finds her eyes to be so expressive and communicative that it feels like they are actually speaking, even though they are not.
Romeo also personifies the stars when he says, "Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven, / Having some business, do entreat her eyes / To twinkle in their spheres till they return" (2.2.15-17). He suggests that the stars have asked Juliet's eyes to shine for them while they go away for a while.
Using a metaphor, Romeo compares love to a bird when he says, "With love's light wings did I o'erperch these walls" (2.2.71). He suggests that he borrowed love's wings so that he could fly over Juliet's garden wall.
He uses another metaphor when he says that he has "night's cloak" to hide him from Juliet's family (2.2.80). This suggests that night is a cloak in which he could wrap and hide himself from enemies.
Juliet uses metaphor when she says that "the mask of night is on [her] face," comparing the night to a mask that prevents Romeo from seeing how she blushes at his words (2.2.90).
Juliet personifies the moon when she refers to "her circled orb" (2.2.115).
She also uses a metaphor when she says, "This bud of love, by summer's ripening breath, / May prove a beauteous flower when next we meet" (2.2.128-129). She compares love to a flower that blooms and becomes more beautiful; this line also personifies the summer by suggesting that it has "breath."
Metaphor: It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
Simile: My bounty is as boundless as the sea, my love as deep
Personification: Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,
Who is already sick and pale with grief
That thou her maid art far more fair than she.