Repeatedly, Mr. Jaggers has advised Pip to "Take nothing on appearances," and after being disillusioned, Pip has learned the wisdom of this statement. First of all, the convict whom Pip has considered a person of little worth turns out to be his benefactor instead of the higher-classed Miss Havisham. While Pip has believed Magwitch to be a despicable person, he comes to realize that the old man has never forgotten what the a boy named Pip has done for him. Pip also learns that Miss Havisham's brother is the second convict in the marsh. This brother is a far worse person than Magwitch. Secondly, Pip learns that Estella is no lady; instead, she is the child of a crazy woman who has killed a man: Mr. Jagger's housekeeper is the mother of Estella. Thirdly, Pip has learned that good people do not have to have money or social class. He realizes that awkward Joe is a truly good man as is Magwitch and Joe and Biddy. In fact, Pip comes to be ashamed of the way he has acted around these characters, for he has learned that being a gentleman does not mean ignoring anyone who does not have money, since money and position are not nearly as important as family and friends of noble character. "My great expectations had all dissolved, like our own marsh mists before the sin," Pip comments. He has learned a new sympathy for those of noble nature, no matter their social class.