I need help with the following assignment: Identify the part of speech of the bolded word in each of the sentences below. There was a huge basket in the dining hall. This type of sport...
I need help with the following assignment:
Identify the part of speech of the bolded word in each of the sentences below.
- There was a huge basket in the dining hall.
- This type of sport is very dangerous.
- Give me your e-mail address.
In order to complete this assignment, you may need to review the basic parts of speech. They include:
Nouns: Nouns denote one or more people, animals, place, things, or ideas. They can serve as subjects or objects of sentences or of prepositions.
Pronouns: Pronouns stand in for nouns and have nouns as antecedents. They can function in any of the roles in a sentence that nouns can.
Adjectives: Adjectives modify or describe nouns. Thus we can have a "beautiful flower" or a "fast runner."
Verbs: Verbs describe an action and are the main part of a sentence's predicate. All sentences require a finite verb.
Adverbs: Adverbs can modify verbs or adjectives, e.g. "The young man graciously offered his seat to the elderly woman" or "extremely loud music".
- There was a huge basket in the dining hall.: The bolded word describes the noun "basket".
- This type of sport is very dangerous.: The bolded word describes the adjective dangerous.
- Give me your e-mail address.: The bolded word describes an action.
Give me your e-mail address.
It is important to note that the same word can function as a different part of speech in English depending on where it is placed in a sentence and its context in the sentence. In the sentences you provide, the parts of speech are fairly obvious. Adjectives describe nouns, giving us more information about them. A basket is a noun and the word huge tells us more about what kind of basket it is. An adverb describes a verb, adjective, or other adverb: very tells us more about the adjective dangerous, used to describe sport. (As an side, most writing guides advise us to use adverbs sparingly.) Finally, a verb conveys the action of a sentence and is the most important word in the sentence. In the last sentence, we don't have a subject, making it a command. What action is commanded? The action to "give." The important point, clearly, is not these particular words but understanding how they function.